Terracotta Army and The Lost City of China First Emperor Exhibition began with a timeline of China history from the first Dynasty to Empire Qin:
As the first dynasty in Chinese history, the Xia Dynasty (21st-16th century BC) began with the reign of Qi, the son of the Great Yu, and ended with the fall of Jie. With its capital located in Anyi (north of Xia County in mid-west Shanxi Province), the Xia was ruled by the descents of the Xiahou tribe. Altogether, there were 16 kings in 13 generations.
The Shang Dynasty (17th-11th century BC) is the second dynasty in Chinese history. With its first capital established in Bo, the Shang moved its center of activities several times, finally settling in Yin (present-day Xiaotun in Anyang County, Henan Province) under the king of Pan Geng. Hence, the Shang Dynasty is also called the Yin Dynasty, consisting of 31 kings who belonged to 17 generations.
In the 11th century BC, a frontier state called Zhou gained prominence. Under the reign of King Wen, the kingdom of Zhou soon became powerful. When King Wen died, his son Jifa, known as King Wu, succeeded him. In 1122BC, assisted by Jiangshang and Zhoudan, King Wu launched a punitive attack against King Zhou of the Shang. Having suffered much during the reign of King Zhou, the Shang army led the Zhou army to the Shang capital. King Zhou committed suicide and the Shang Dynasty collapsed.
Photo: Mysterious Mask dated 3000 years ago during Dynasty Shang will be showcase in Terracotta Army and Lost City of China First Emperor Exhibition.